Abdurrahman bin Auf

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Abdurrahman bin Auf

Post  isthar on Tue Jun 15, 2010 8:16 am

Abdurrahman bin Auf (bahasa Arab: عبد الرحمن بن عوف) (meninggal 652) adalah salah seorang dari sahabat Nabi Muhammad SAW yang terkenal. Ia adalah salah seorang dari delapan orang pertama (As-Sabiqunal Aw-Walun) yang menerima agama Islam, yaitu dua hari setelah Abu Bakar.

Abdurrahman bin Auf berasal dari Bani Zuhrah. Salah seorang sahabat Nabi lainnya, yaitu Sa'ad bin Abi Waqqas, adalah saudara sepupunya. Abdurrahman juga adalah suami dari saudara seibu Utsman bin Affan, yaitu anak perempuan dari Urwa bint Kariz (ibu Utsman) dengan suami keduanya.

Kaum muslimin pada umumnya menganggap bahwa Abdurrahman adalah salah seorang dari Sepuluh Orang yang Dijamin Masuk Surga.

Abdel Rahman bin Awf, (Arabic: عبد الرحمن بن عوف‎)

His name has also by as Abdel Rahman Ibn Awf, Abdur-Rahman ibn 'Awf, Abdur-Rahman bin 'Auf and Abdel-Rahman ibn Awf.
[edit] Conversion to Islam

He was one of the first eight people to accept Islam. He was one of the ten people (al-asharatu-l mubashshirin) who were assured of entering Paradise. He was one of the six people chosen by Umar to form the council of shura to choose the Khalifah after his death. His name in Jahiliyyah days was Abu Amr. But when he accepted Islam the Prophet called him Abdur-Rahman - the servant of the Most Beneficent.
[edit] Abd al-Rahman and Umayah

Abd al-Rahman was friends with Umayyah ibn Khalaf, a stern opponent of Islam. When Abd al-Rahman emigrated to Medina, the two formed a written agreement, according to which Abd-al-Rahman was to protect Umayah's property and family in Medina, while Umayyah would protect Abd-al-Rahman's in Mecca. When Abd al-Rahman wanted to sign the document, Umayyah protested, saying "I do not know Ar-Rahman" and requested that the pre-Islamic name "Abdu Amr" should be used, to which Ad al-Rahman yielded.[1]
The two met again in the Battle of Badr:
A narration attributed to Abd-al-Rahman ibn Awf reports:
“ On the day (of the battle) of Badr, when all the people went to sleep, I went up the hill to protect him. Bilal(1) saw him (i.e. Umaiya) and went to a gathering of Ansar and said, "(Here is) Umaiya bin Khalaf! Woe to me if he escapes!" So, a group of Ansar went out with Bilal to follow us ('Abdur-Rahman and Umaiya). Being afraid that they would catch us, I left Umaiya's son for them to keep them busy but the Ansar killed the son and insisted on following us. Umaiya was a fat man, and when they approached us, I told him to kneel down, and he knelt, and I laid myself on him to protect him, but the Ansar killed him by passing their swords underneath me, and one of them injured my foot with his sword. (The sub narrator said, " 'Abdur-Rahman used to show us the trace of the wound on the back of his foot.") ”
Sunnis tend to view this as Sahih and have included it in Sahih Bukhari [2]

[edit] Contributions to Islam

One day, a loud rumbling sound was heard coming from beyond the boundaries of Madinah normally a calm and peaceful city.The rumbling sound gradually increased in volume. In addition, clouds of dust and sand were stirred up and blown in the wind. The people of Madinah soon realized that a mighty caravan was entering the city. They stood in amazement as seven hundred camels laden with goods moved into the city and crowded the streets. There was much seven hundred camels." Aishah shook her head and gazed in the distance as if she was trying to recall some scene or utterance of the past and then she said: "I have heard the Messenger of God, may God bless him and grant him peace, say: I have seen Abdur-Rahman ibn Awl entering Paradise leaping and of the Prophet? Some friends of his related to Abdur-Rahman the hadith which Aishah had mentioned. He remembered that he had heard the hadith more than have never forgotten," he is also reported to have said. He was so over-joyed and added: "If I could I would certainly like to enter Paradise standing. I swear to you, yaa Ammah, that this entire caravan with all its merchandise, I will giver sabilillah." And so he did. In a great festival of charity and righteousness, he distributed all that the massive caravan had brought to the people of Madinah and surrounding areas. This is just one incident which showed what type of man Abdur-Rahman was. He earned much wealth but he never remained attached to it for its own sake and he did not allow it to corrupt him. Abdur-setting out in the path of God and one thousand five hundred camels to another group of mujahidin, four hundred dinars of gold to the survivors of Badr and a large legacy to the Ummahaat al Muminin and the catalogue goes on
[edit] Role in successions to the Caliphate

In 634 CE, the dying Caliph Abu Bakr called in Abd al-Rahman (along with Uthman) and informed him of his designation of Umar ibn al-Khattab as successor. (See Hadith of the succession to Abu Bakr.

In 644, the dying Umar nominated a board of six members who were required to elect one of themselves as the next caliph. The group consisted of Sad Ibn Abi Waqqas, Abd al-Rahman ibn Awf, Zubayr ibn al-Awwam, Talha ibn Ubayd Allah, Ali ibn Abi Talib and Uthman ibn Affan. Uthman was chosen as the third caliph [3].

sumber : http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Abdur_Rahman_bin_Awf
Tambahan : http://id.wikipedia.org/wiki/Abdurrahman_bin_Auf

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